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Dengue fever – causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

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Dengue fever is a painful and debilitating mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.It is causeda family of viruses transmitted by mosquitoes. Each year, around half a million people are victims of this disease worldwide and a majority of them recover in 2-7 days. More so, its symptoms can takeupto 14 days to become apparent and unless severe, they are also commonly mistaken for a regular flu or viral fever.

Dengue fever is not deadly but in some cases, the disease takes the form of the life-threatening denguehaemorrhagic fever and causes severe ailments such as bleeding, low platelet levels and blood plasma leakage. The disease, however, in not transferrable from person to person in any way as an Aedes mosquito transmits the diseasebybeing infected with the dengue virus. This is how most people remain at risk.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

It’s important to recognize symptoms of dengue fever at an early stage so that patients can seek medical care on an immediate basis and stay safe. Its symptoms usually start 4-6days after infection is contracted and may last for up to 10 days.

Some of major symptoms include –

  • Aching muscles and joints

  • Sudden high fever

  • Intermittent body rashes that may appear and disappear

  • Severe headaches

  • Pain behind the eyes

  • Vomiting or feeling nauseous

  • Nose bleed, gum bleed or easy bruising in severe cases

  • Lower blood platelet count

  • Sensitive stomach

  • Weak pulse

  • Steep drop in blood pressure in dengue shock

Treatment for Dengue Fever

Till now, no specific medicine exists in the market to treat dengue infection as doctors have to rely on different combinations for treatment. But yes, there is a specific test kit available to determine whether you have contracted the fever. You can go online, check dengue test kit price Indiaand use the point of care test kit to choose the appropriate course of action.

You should also –

  • Use pain relievers with acetaminophen in case you have dengue fever

  • Never ever take medicines with aspirin as it could worsen bleeding

  • Drink plenty of liquids on a regular basis

  • Take adequate rest

  • Seek medical consultation without wasting any time

Preventing Dengue Fever

Medical science is yet to develop any vaccine to prevent dengue fever. The only way to prevent the disease is by preventing being bitten from infected mosquitoes. So, the priority should be on protection and also on stopping the growth, breeding and proliferation of mosquitoes in and  around you.

Follow some of these steps or tips to protect yourself from dengue infected mosquitoes-

  • If possible, keep yourself away from densely populated areas, particularly dirty ones

  • Use mosquito repellents for all time, day and night both, and even when you go outside

  • Don’t let any part of the skin get exposed to avoid the bite of mosquitoes

  • Wear long-sleeved dresses and cover virtually everything, even when you are outdoor

  • Use mosquito nets, particularly when AC is not available

  • Clean the area/s around you, don’t let water to remain gathered in a place for longer

  • Don’t allow mosquito breeding places near you or your locality