The conventional cataract surgical procedure is carried out in a hospital or an outpatient clinic. There is no overnight staying at the center. One of the most usual types of cataract surgical treatment today entails a procedure called phacoemulsification. After numbing the eye with fluid drops or an injection, your doctor with the use of an operating microscope and Storz instruments will make a very tiny cut in the surface of the eye inside or near the cornea.
There are three basic techniques for cataract surgical procedure:
- Phacoemulsification: This is the most usual kind of cataract-removal, as described above. In this most contemporary technique, cataract surgery can normally be performed in less than thirty minutes and normally requires only very little sedation. Numbing eye drop or a shot around the eye is used and, in general, no stitches are used to close the wound, and frequently, no eyespot is needed after surgical procedure. Although phacoemulsification itself is not carried out using a laser, a femtosecond laser may be used to make an opening in the former pill of the lens quickly before the emulsification of the lens.
- Extra capsular cataract surgery: This treatment is utilized mainly for very sophisticated cataracts in which the lens is also dense to liquefy right into pieces (phacoemulsify) or when phacoemulsification is difficult. This method requires a larger laceration to make sure that the cataract can be eliminated in one piece and it won’t get fragmented inside the eye. A human-made lens is positioned in the same capsular bag as with the phacoemulsification technique. This medical strategy needs a variety of stitches to close the larger wound, as well as aesthetic recuperation, is often slower. Extra capsular cataract extraction typically calls for a shot of numbing medicine around the eye as well as an eye patch after surgical procedure.
- Intra capsular cataract surgical treatment: This surgical technique requires an even bigger wound than extra capsular surgical procedure, and the specialist gets rid of the entire lens along with the surrounding pill. This technique needs the intra ocular lens to be positioned in a different area before the iris. This approach is seldom made use of today; however, it may still be useful in specific situations.