The bladder is a hollow, triangle-shaped organ located in the lower abdomen. Ligaments attached to other organs and the pelvic bones secure it in place. The bladder’s walls relax and expand to accommodate urine storage, and contract and flatten to empty urine through the urethra. The bladder of an average healthy adult can hold up to two cups of urine for two to five hours. However, bladder problems appear to be a growing concern for people today. Interstitial cystitis, urinary incontinence, an overactive bladder, cystitis, and bladder cancer are all common problems among people. It is recommended for adults over 50 years old to visit the doctor and look into their bladder conditions to rule out bladder problems. Nevertheless, here are the main signs of bladder problem to look out for :
- Interruption during sexual intercourse
Experiencing pain and leaking urine during sex is considered abnormal. This can be caused by a variety of factors, the majority of which are related to women. For example, women complain of this problem after vaginal childbirth, pregnancy, menopause, old age causing weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, and it may also be caused by trauma and injury sustained during sexual assaults in some cases. Men, on the other hand, may experience this as a result of prostate
- Urine leakage during everyday activities
The condition known as urinary incontinence occurs when you cough,while lifting heavy objects, bend or exercise and urine leaks out of your body. A variety of factors, including weakening of the pelvic floor, involuntary contraction of the bladder, overflow due to blockage of the urethra, and neurogenic incontinence caused by neurological impairment, can contribute to this condition.
- Pain or a burning sensation during urination
A urinary tract infection may be causing a painful and burning sensation while urinating (UTI). Which part of the urinary system is infected will determine how severe the infection is. First and foremost, there is acute pyelonephritis (infection site: kidneys), which manifests itself as back pain, nausea, and a fever with chills, among other symptoms. Afterwards, there is cystitis (infection site: bladder), which manifests itself as lower abdominal discomfort, blood in the urine, and increased pelvic pressure. Finally, if your infection is located in the urethra, you may experience burning, painful urination that is accompanied by discharge. The bacteria E.coli, which can be found in our GI tract, is the most common cause of UTI. However, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as chlamydia, herpes, and gonorrhoea can also be a cause of UTIs.
- Cloudy Urine
Changes in the colour and consistency of your urine should be taken seriously because they indicate a medical condition. Dehydration and kidney stones can all cause cloudy urine, as can bacterial infections, retrograde ejaculation,(in which the sperm backs up into the bladder) kidney stones ( are crystal formation out of minerals and salt in your urine). They can cause discomfort, which can be severe in some cases. You may experience discomfort in your side and lower back, as well as when you pee.
- Nocturnal enuresis
This is a situation when an adult goes through involuntary urination while sleeping. An excess of muscle spasms in some people with enuresis may make it impossible for them to hold a normal amount of pee in their bladder. Some teenagers and adults also have small bladders that are incapable of holding a large amount of urine. Besides, problems with hormones, psychological and sleeping also could be a contributing factor to this. In rare cases, scientists have found that some people have a genetic predisposition that causes nocturnal enuresis.
Essentially, you need to maintain good hygiene to avoid any type of bladder infection from developing. It is also necessary to have safe sex to avoid the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STD). If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, it is recommended that you seek medical attention as soon as possible to avoid further complications.