Preventing the Transmission of Pathogenic Microorganisms Using Bag Technique

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To prevent the transmission of pathogens or microorganisms, a training called “bag technique” is implemented by home care and clinicians, and the techniques utilized will depend on policies by hospice associations, the patient and their home condition. The standard of “bag technique” includes:

  1. Hand cleanliness
  2. Bag storage
  3. Bag condition during storage
  4. Cleaning the inside and outside surfaces of the bag
  5. Maintenance of gear and supplies stored in the bag
  6. Proper handling of equipment taken from the bag

Presently, there is no proof of a home care or hospice patient getting contaminated from a pathogen or microorganism brought into a patient’s home through a nursing bag. However, evidence exists that the bag is contaminated with pathogens, therefore posing a potential hazard for transmission of microorganisms starting with one patient then onto the next through a contaminated nursing bag.

When to Avoid Bringing the Nursing Bag to Homes

The nursing bag ought not to be taken into the patient’s home when:

  1. The patient is infected with a multidrug-resistant organism (e.g., methicillin-safe S. aureus or C. difficile), or
  2. The patient is on transmission-based safety measures, together with standard Precautions
  3. The home condition infested with pests like bedbugs and so forth.
  4. The home condition is infested with wastes from pets,
  5. It is the homecare’s instinctive judgment


Environmental pollution assumes a significant job in the transmission of a few epidemiologically pathogens, for example, methicillin-safe S. aureus and C. difficile. Further research with large sample size is required to decide other best practices. Until research information is accessible, these “bag techniques“are simple to-actualize by home care nurses to secure their patients at the comfort of their homes and keep them out of the emergency clinic.